Collective Intelligence


Supermind video by soreni via youtube

Collective intelligence is a form of intelligence that emerges from the collaboration and competition of many individuals. Collective intelligence appears in a wide variety of forms of consensus decision making in bacteria, animals, humans, and computers. The best-known collective intelligence projects are political parties, which mobilize large numbers of people to form policy, select candidates and to finance and run election campaigns.

Collective Intelligence is “the capacity of human communities to evolve towards higher order complexity and harmony, through such innovation mechanisms as differentiation and integration, competition and collaboration.” (George Pór)

While people have talked about collective intelligence for decades, new communication technologies—especially the Internet—now allow huge numbers of people all over the planet to work together in new ways. Some examples of IC on Internet are Google and Wikipedia. A study of MIT Center for Collective Intelligence try to answer the question: “How can people and computers be connected so that—collectively—they act more intelligently than any individuals, groups, or computers have ever done before?”

“Today, Homo sapiens is faced with a rapid modification of his environment, a transformation for which he is the involuntary collective agent. I am not implying that our species is threatened with extinction or that the “end of the world” is approaching. I am not preaching millenarianism. Rather, I would like to point out an alternative. Either we cross a new threshold, enter a new stage of hominization, by inventing some human attribute that is as essential as language but operates at a much higher level, or we continue to “communicate” through the media and think within the context of separate institutions, which contribute to the suffocation and division of intelligence. In the latter case we will no longer be confronted only by the problems of power and survival. But if we are committed to the process of collective intelligence, we will gradually create the technologies, sign systems, forms of social organization and regulation that enable us to think as a group, concentrate our intellectual and spiritual forces, and negotiate practical real-time solutions to the complex problems we must inevitably confront. We will gradually learn … to collectively invent ourselves as a species.” (Pierre Levy)

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L’intelligenza collettiva, così come descritta da Tom Atlee, Douglas Engelbart, Cliff Joslyn, Ron Dembo ed altri teorici, è un particolare modo di funzionamento dell’intelligenza che supera tanto il pensiero di gruppo quanto la cognizione individuale, permettendo a una comunità di cooperare mantenendo prestazioni intellettuali affidabili.

Un altro pioniere dell’intelligenza collettiva è stato George Pór, autore nel 1995 di The Quest for Cognitive Intelligence. Egli ha definito questo fenomeno nel suo blog come “la capacità di una comunità umana di evolvere verso una capacità superiore di risolvere problemi, di pensiero e di integrazione attraverso la collaborazione e l’innovazione”.

Le nuove tecnologie e i nuovi media, soprattutto Internet, creano forme di intelligenza collettiva, promuovendo la collaborazione. Alcuni esempi sono Google e Wikipedia.

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Source: en.wikipediait.wikipediaMIT

Links: Blog of CICI Institute the transitionerpmcluster

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